Cancer

Tuesday 19 September 2017 - 07:52:37 Posted by  Bobby
cancer2

 Mythology of Cancer

Cancer represents the crab that, in Greek mythology, was crushed underfoot by Hercules during his battle with the multiheaded Hydra. It lies between Gemini and Leo and is the faintest constellation of the Zodiac; its brightest star, Beta Cancri, is of magnitude 3.5. The Sun is within Cancer's boundaries from July 20th until August 10th.

 The Facts

  • Depiction: The Crab
  • Pronounced: CAN-ser
  • Genitive: Cancri
  • Abbreviation: Cnc
  • Highest in the Sky: February to March
  • Size Ranking: 31st
  • Coverage Area: 501 Sq. Degrees
  • Right Acension: 9 hours
  • Declination: 20°
  • Visibility: 90°N to 56°S

 Notable Objects/Stars

  • Beta Cancri: Binary star (Arabic meaning: End, or Edge)
  • Gamma Cancri: Star (Latin meaning: Northern Donkey)
  • Delta Cancri: Star (Latin meaning: Southern Donkey)
  • Zeta Cancri: Multiple star system (Name meaning: The Shell)
  • Iota Cancri: Double star
  • M44 (Praesepe): Behive Cluster (Latin meaning: The Manger)
  • M67: Open star cluster
  • NGC 2775: Spiral galaxy

 Named Stars

  • Acunens, Alpha Cancri
  • Altarf, Beta Cancri
  • Asellus Borealis, Gamma Cancri
  • Asellus Australis, Delta Cancri

 Best Viewed Objects/Stars

Zeta Cancri

 A multiple star. Through a small telescope, it is seen to consist of two stars, of magnitude 5.1 and 6.2. A telescope with an aperture larger than about 6 in (150 mm) will show that the brighter component has a much closer companion, of magnitude 6.1, which orbits it every 60 years.

Iota Cancri

 A wide double star, with components of magnitudes 4.2 and 6.6 that are easy to divide with a small telescope.

M44 (Praesepe)

 An open cluster, also known as the Beehive cluster or the Manger. (Praesepe is Latin, meaning both manger and hive) It appears as a cloudy patch at the limit of naked-eye visibility - its brightest are of 6th magnitude, and it was known to the ancient Greeks - but binoculars show it as a field of stars more than three times the apparent width of the full Moon. It lies about 520 light-years away. To the north and south of the cluster are the stars Gamma Cancri (magnitude 4.7) and Delta Cancri (magnitude 3.9). In ancient times, these were visualized as donkeys feeding at the manger, hence they are known as the aselli, or asses.

M67

 An open cluster. It contains more stars than M44 (Praesepe), but it is farther away from us (about 2,600 light-years) and so appears fainter and smaller.

Cancer
cancer

 Where to?

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Up Next- Canes Venatici 

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