Capricornusis the smallest constellation of the Zodiac, lying btween Sagittarius and Aquarius, Capricornus depicts a fish-tailed goat. The constellation originated among the Babylonian and Sumerian peoples of the Middle East, but in Greek myth it is linked with the goatlike god Pan, who turned his lower half into a fish to escape the sea monster Typhon. Capricornus is not prominent: its brightest star, Delta Capricorni (Deneb Algedi), is of magnitude 2.9. The Sun passes through it from January 19th to February 16th.
Depiction: The Sea-Goat
Highest in the Sky: August to September
Size Ranking: 40th
Coverage Area: 414 Sq. Degrees
Right Acension: 21 hours
Visibility: 59°N to 90°S
M30: Globular cluster
Algedi, Alpha 1 Capricorni and Alpha 2 Capricorni
Dabih, Beta Capricorni
Nashira, Gamma Capricorni
Deneb Algedi, Delta Capricorni
Alshat, Nu Capricorni
Best Viewed Objects/Stars
Alpha Capricorni (Algedi, Giedi)
A wide double star. Ordinary binoculars, or a good eyesight, reveal two stars, of magnitudes 3.6 and 4.3. Both are yellowish in color, but they are unrelated. The brighter star is a giant, 110 light-years away, while the fainter one is a supergiant, over six times more distant.
Beta Capricorni, Dabih
A wide double star. The pimary is a yellow giant, magnitude 3.1, visible to the naked eye. Binoculars or a small telescope show the second star, of magnitude 6.0. Both stars lie about 300 light-years away.